Professor of Pharmacology
Co-leader of Experimental and Developmental Therapeutics, CTRC at UTHSCSA
Ph.D., Medical University of South Carolina
drug discovery, breast cancer, anti-mitotic agents, natural products
Our research is dedicated to the discovery of more effective therapies for the treatment of cancer, primarily breast cancer. There are several aspects to our work including drug discovery, identification of the mechanisms of drug action, the nature of drug resistance, identifying rational drug combinations and elucidation of the signaling pathways by which anti-mitotic agents initiate mitotic arrest and apoptosis.
We conduct a drug discovery program to identify new anticancer agents from natural products and from small molecule chemical libraries. With collaborators all over the world we evaluate extracts and compounds from marine organisms and plants to identify new drug leads. We have an extensive library of plant extracts that have been evaluated for a variety of biological activities including cytotoxic actions against breast and prostate cancer cell lines. The active compounds are being isolated using bioassay-guided fractionation.
After discovering new agents we identify their molecular mechanisms of action. This includes identifying the cellular binding site and how they work to impact cancer cell survival. We are currently investigating new microtubule stabilizers, anti-angiogenics and vascular disrupting agents.
Antimitotic drugs are some of the most effective used in cancer therapy, but the signaling pathways that lead from inhibition of mitotic spindle dynamics to initiation of apoptosis is not yet known. We are elucidating these pathways to identify new drug targets that can yield the efficacy of microtubule disrupting drugs without tubulin-related limiting toxicities.
Dr. April Risinger - Instructor/Research
Dr. Antonius Ola - Postdoctoral Fellow
Dr. Christina Rohena-Cardona - Postdoctoral Fellow
Cynthia Zammiello - Research Associate
Lauren Holguin - Research Assistant
Nicholas Dybdal-Hargreaves - Graduate Student
Peter LoCoco - Graduate Student (Co-mentored by William Clarke, Ph.D.)
Andrew Robles - Graduate Student